Motto: Understanding The Unseen


Admission Requirements
To be awarded a degree, (B.Sc (Hons) Microbiology) students must complete 120 — 150 Credit Units.

Duration of Programme
To be awarded a degree, (B.Sc (Hons) Microbiology) students must complete 120 — 150 Credit Units.

Graduation Requirements
To be awarded a degree, (B.Sc (Hons) Microbiology) students must complete 120 — 150 Credit Units.

Brief Description of Courses Offered in the Department of Microbiology Leading to B.Sc. Degree in Microbiology includes:

MICR281 – Introductory General Microbiology -3 credits (Core).
The scope of microbiology, description of eukaryotic and prokaryotic microorganisms, microbial nomenclature and classification.A general study of microorganisms, characteristics and nutrition.Growth, Reproduction of microorganisms. Genetics, Microbes and Disease, Microbes in food, Sewage and Industry, Control of microorganisms.

MICR282 – General Microbiology II – 2 credits (Core). Classification of Prokaryotes (especially the less studied genera), Myxobacteriales, Hyphomycrobiales, Beggiatoales, Actinomycetales, Classification of Viruses, morphology of Viruses, Replication of Viruses, Assay of Viruses.

MICR283 – Principles of Microscopy and Laboratory Practice – 2 credits (Core).
Historical background, properties of light and glass in relation to cardinal concepts in microscopy, factors affecting image characteristics in microscopy, types and application of microscopy in Biology, medicine and industry, common diagnostic applications of microscopy in the clinical laboratory. Theory and application of bright field, phase contrast fluorescence, polarized light, interference microscope.  Care of the microscopes, and Basic staining techniques.

MICR285 – Principles of Sterilization and Disinfection – 2 credits (Core).
Study of methods used for sterilization and Disinfection, Physical and Chemical methods, their mechanisms and application.

MICR288 – Soil Microbiology and Ecology –3 credits (Core).         
The characteristics of soil environment, microbial flora and fauna of soil, microbial activities in soil.  Nitrogen cycle, carbon cycle, mineral transformation by microorganisms, Ecological relationship among the soil fauna and flora, soil pathogens, effects of pesticides on soil microorganisms, Biodegradation and bio-fuels generation. Microbial ecological theory, physiological, morphological and genetic adaptations of microorganisms to their environment.Microorganisms in ecosystems and microbial bioconversions.

MICR381 –Microbial Physiology and Metabolism – 3 credits (Core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 281, MICR 282. Aspects of microbial physiology, a review of cell structure and function, growth and death of microorganisms.The nutritional types of different bacteria in relation to their energy metabolism and biosynthetic activity.

MICR383 – Pharmaceutical Microbiology – 2 credits (Core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 281, MICR 282. History of the introduction of antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents in hospitals, chemical characteristics, modes of actions, therapeutic and diagnostic applications of various classes of antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents, antifungal drugs, chemotherapy of viral infections, chemotherapy of protozoal diseases, mechanisms of microbial resistances to antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents, laboratory methods for anti-biogram determination, factors affecting the formulation af anti-microbial agent’s policy in the laboratory and in the clinics.

MICR385 – Introductory Medical Mycology – 2 credits (core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 281, MICR 282. Structure, reproduction and classification of pathogenic fungi, laboratory methods of study, pathology and immunology of superficial, systematic mycoses and actinomycoses.

MICR387 – Introduction to Microbial Genetics – 2 credits (core).
Pre-requisite: MICR 281, MICR 282. Modern concepts of microbial genetics, basic genetic theory, growth and macromolecular synthesis, the genetic code, mutation and selection, genetic exchange mechanisms and accessory genetic elements, gene regulation.

MICR389 – Introductory Immunology – 3 credits (core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 281, MICR 282. Basic concepts of immunology, nature of antigens and antibodies, cells and tissues of the immune system; the structure, synthesis and assembly of immunoglobulin, antigens-antibody reactions, antibody mediated and cell mediated immune reactions, transplantation and auto-immunity.

MICR391 – Environmental Microbiology – 2 credits (core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 288. Detail description of the microbiology, physical and chemical characteristics of the Marine and air environment. Nature, source and significance of environmental pollution.Methods in environmental microbiology.

MICR481 – Pathogenic Bacteriology I – 2 credits (core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 389.  Host parasite relationship in bacterial infection, attributes of microbes that enable them to cause diseases ( virulence factors, toxigenicity, invasiveness), attributes of host that determine resistance to microorganisms (non-specific-specific factors), sources of transmission of infections, methods of spread of infections. Principles of laboratory investigation of clinical specimens, Enterobacteriacieae, Vibrio cholera and other vibrios, Staphylococcal infections, Streptococcal infections, Neisseria meningitides and Neisseria gonnorhoeaeinfections, Corynebacteria infections, Listeria infections, Erysipelothrixrhusiopathia infections, Anaerobic gram positive bacilli (Clostridia), Bordetellapetusis and other Bordetella,Brucella, Pasteurella, Francisella, Yersinia. Morphology, cultural characteristics, biochemical properties, serological characteristics, pathogenicity, diagnosis, treatment and control of these organisms will be discussed. 

MICR482 – Food Microbiology – 3 credits (core).
The distribution, role and significance of microorganisms in foods.Intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of foods that affect microbial growth, food spoilage and food borne diseases.Methods of preserving foods, indices of food sanitary quality and food microbiological standards.Diseases transmissible to man via animal food products.

MICR483- Industrial Microbiology – 3 credits (core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 381. Microorganisms of Industrial importance, principles and practices involved in large-scale utilization of microorganisms for production of foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals and chemicals.Improvement of microbial strains, including recent advances such as genetic engineering.Use of defined mixed and continuous cultures in industrial fermentations, microbial deterioration of industrial materials.

MICR484 - Medical Parasitology II – 2 credits (core).
Pre-requisite: MICR 389. A comprehensive study of the ecology distribution symptomatology, pathology, epidemiology, laboratory diagnosis and control of protozoan, helminthes, and arthropod infection of man and animals.

MICR485- Introductory Virology – 2 credits (core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 389. Physical and chemical characterization of animal, bacterial and plant viruses, dynamaics of viral multiplication, biochemistry of virus-cell interaction.Virus-induced alteration in properties of healthy cells.  Viral Oncogenesis, Approaches to viral chemotheraphy, Diagnosis of viral infection.

MICR486- Analytic Microbiology and Quality Control – 3 credits (core).
Pre-requisites: MICR 281, MICR 282. Approaches for evaluation of laboratory data, assessment of factors influencing the quality of microbiological results, evaluation of general laboratory equipments, function and control of laboratory procedures and standards.  The course also acquaints students with the analytical and quality control methods in food and pharmaceutical industries, Immunology and clinical diagnostic laboratory services.

MICR487 – Medical Parasitology I – 2 credits (core).
General introduction, routes of infection. Parasitic infections caused by protozoa (sporozoa, amoebae, flagellates, other protozoans). Parasitic infections caused by helminthes – intestinal nematodes (ascariasis, trichuriasis). Hookworm (ancyclostomiasis, necatoriasis, trichostrongylodes, enterobiasis).Tissue nemathodes (wuchereria, loaloa, brugia, onchocerca, mansonella, dracunculus, trichinella).Trematodes (clononorchis, fasciola, paragonimus, schistosoma).Cestodes( taenia, diphylobothrium, hymenolepis, echinococcus).

MICR488. Introductory Medical Virology II – 2 credits (core).
Pre-requisite: MICR 389. Mechanism of infection, virus spread through the body, determinants of viral virulence and host resistance, laboratory diagnosis of viral diseases, survey of DNA containing viruses of medical importance, survey of medically important single stranded un-enveloped RNA viruses with positive polarity, paramyxo and orthmyxoviridae, Rhabdo and Filoviridae, Arena and Bunyaviridae, Reoviridae,Retroviridae, subviral agents.

MICR490 - Seminar and General Paper in Microbiology – 2 credits (core).
Under the supervision of staff, the students are expected to select a seminar topic for detailed study making extensive use of the library.  The emphasis should be on recent advances in the chosen field.

MICR492 – Pathogenic Bacteriology II – 2 credits (core)
Representative Genera and species of pathogenic bacteria, rickettsia and chlamydia will be studied with particular reference to their identification, pathogenesis and virulence factors.  The laboratory practical will be designed to acquaint the students with techniques for isolation and also characterization of the pathogenic bacteria.  Attention will also be given to the methods of controlling bacterial infections.

MICR400 - Research project – 6 credits
Students are required to select a research topic in any area of microbiology and conduct supervised experimental work and submit a report, which will be examined by a panel of External and Internal Examiners in an Oral Examination.